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Guidelines Cand.Soc

Guidelines for CBS Entrepreneurship Program

Master of Social Sciences

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Guidelines for internship/fieldwork 2015
In pursuance of § 4b in the MSc in Social Sciences degree regulation for the MSc in Social Sciences programmes at CBS, it is possible to replace course elements corresponding to a maximum of 15 ECTS with a project-based internship in an organisation, or, alternatively, a project-based (anthropological/ethnographic) fieldwork relating to one or more organisations. The duration of an internship/fieldwork can be up to a half semester (3 months) as a maximum. The duration may be longer than 3 months, but it is not possible to transfer more than 15 ECTS (corresponding to 3 months of 30 weekly working hours). It is only possible to do one internship/fieldwork during your MSc in Social Sciences programme, which means that it is not possible to split the 15 ECTS up into two internships/fieldworks of each 7.5 ECTS.

Students, who have passed all courses of their 1st year of the MSc in Social Sciences programme, can apply for a pre-approval of an internship/fieldwork on their 3rd semester. Pre-approvals are granted by an internship/fieldwork coordinator at the specific programme. Students cannot start an internship/fieldwork before having completed their 1st year of studies.

Students should have a pre-approval before starting an internship/fieldwork. The application for apre-approvalmustbesenttointernship-soc@cbs.dk with the following documents enclosed:
- A description of the internship organisation/field of activity/place of employment
- A description of the planned tasks, duration of the internship/fieldwork and weekly hours
- Above-mentioned documents must be signed by a contact person in the host
organisation(s)
- Signature from a supervisor
- Provisional ideas for the subject of the internship report: An outline of theme and
approach (method) together with a preliminary research question and an account of how
the chosen literature reflects this
- A curriculum of 500 pages or 900 pages respectively for internships/fieldworks of
7.5 ECTS or 15 ECTS

An internship/fieldwork must contain an educational aspect. The tasks/activities must therefore include content which is relevant to the specific programme and which must be applied in relation to the internship report. 30 working hours per week is required in a period corresponding to full time studies, which means that 30 hours weekly for 6 weeks correspond to 7,5 ECTS (estimated for 225 hours of study) and 30 hours weekly for 12 weeks correspond to 15 ECTS (estimated for 450 hours of study). In case of a longer duration of the internship/fieldwork and less weekly working hours, the internship/fieldwork can be converted into the above mentioned calculation.

Furthermore, it is expected of the student to work a minimum of 7 hours per week on the internship report as this – along with the required minimum of 30 working hours per week with the host company/organisation(s) – would correspond to the weekly 37 hours of workload placed upon a full-time student.

For MSc in Social Sciences students, internships/fieldwork can take place within a wide range of companies and organisations. But it is highly recommended that students well in advance of the internship/fieldwork apply for a pre-approval. In case the internship/fieldwork is not approved, the students will then have time to choose electives instead. See deadlines for choosing electives on www.e-campus.dk.

Requirements of internship/fieldwork places
The internship/fieldwork must be relevant to the specific MSc in Social Sciences programme, in which the student is enrolled.

The students must have a contact at the place of the internship/fieldwork with sufficient academic competence to offer support in relation to the tasks and reflection on content and process. Normally, a job with a fixed salary cannot be approved as an internship/fieldwork. If the internship/fieldwork includes remuneration, compensation or the like, it must be documented that this applies to all trainees in that particular field. However, even though both internship and fieldwork imply participatory observation as a methodology there exist some important differences between them. While fieldwork does not require that the student take on special tasks for the organisations, but leave it up to the student to decide how much she or he will concentrate on respectively participation and observation, it is different with internship.

Purpose of internship
The purpose of internship is to offer students the possibility to obtain knowledge and experience in performing tangible tasks and projects. By being and contributing actively at a relevant workplace, students get the opportunity to make use of their professional and theoretical knowledge and to reflect theoretically on the execution of the work during the period of the internship.

The MSc in Social Sciences Study Board has composed the following profile of qualification/statement of aims for the internship internship report which emphasizes that the student’s output must combine experiences from the internship with the prepared literature:
- The internship report must demonstrate that the student is able to apply conceptual abstractions (i.e. theory) in an analysis and problematization of aspects of the organisational practice with relevance for the student’s internship. The assessment will focus on the students ability to problematize the internship organization’s own conceptualizations and problematizations, e.g. in relation to its construction of strategies, rationality, identity, or images of the environment.
- The internship report must demonstrate that the student is capable of analyzing his/her tasks in the host organisation in relation to central, professional issues in his/her education.
- The internship report must show that the student is able to employ business economics, organisational and/or managerial knowledge in order to analyse the correlation between internship tasks and the host organisation’s social responsibility/business.
- The internship report must demonstrate the student’s ability to reflect upon what it means to produce knowledge within ”own” organization, including how to combine analytical distance with concrete involvement, and also to reflect upon the ethical and practical consideration that ought to be a part of being involved in an internship.

Purpose of fieldwork
The purpose of fieldwork is to offer students the possibility to obtain knowledge and experience in conducting anthropologically or ethnographically oriented data generation in relation to professional practices in one or more organisations. By observing relevant workplaces, students get the opportunity to make use of their theoretical and methodological knowledge and to reflect theoretically on the organisational practices in question. A major distinction between an internship and fieldwork is that in the latter the student is not part of an organisational hierarchy and therefore the activities relating to the host/focus organisation(s) are of an observatory character (even if the fieldwork might involve participatory observation and/or interviews). Fieldwork might be relevant for students aiming at generating a substantial element of primary data for their Master theses, and thus engaging and experimenting with the methodological challenges of observing professional, organisational practices in the context of the requirements of their particular study programme.

The MSc in Social Sciences Study Board has composed the following profile of qualification/ statement of aims for the fieldwork term paper which emphasizes that the student’s output must combine experiences from the fieldwork with the prepared literature:
- The internship report must show that the student is capable of theoretical as well as methodological reflection on his/her fieldwork activities in the observed organisation(s) in relation to the professional field of the programme. This involves an ability to apply conceptual abstractions in a problematization of the observed organisational practices.
- The internship report must demonstrate that the student is capable of analyzing his/her observation activities in the host organisation(s) in relation to central, professional issues in his/her education.
- The internship report must show that the student is able to employ business economics, organisational and/or managerial knowledge in order to analyze the correlation between fieldwork data and the host organisation(s)’ professional activities.
- The internship report must demonstrate the student’s capacity to reflect upon what it means to produce knowledge within ”own” organisation, including how to combine analytical distance with concrete involvement, plus furthermore to reflect upon the ethical and practical consideration that ought to be a part of being involved in fieldwork.

Supervision for internship/fieldwork
- Students doing a 7,5 ECTS internship report are assigned 2 hours of supervision, including the supervisor’s preparation, while students doing a 15 ECTS internship report are assigned 4 hours of supervision, including the supervisor’s preparation. Students are responsible for finding a CBS supervisor themselves, and the supervisor must sign the internship/fieldwork application for pre-approval before it is submitted. Furthermore, it is the student’s own responsibility to provide supervisor with the learning objectives for internship/fieldwork.

Time period for the internship/fieldwork
The time period in which the internship/fieldwork is to be carried out is limited to: the 3rd semester. This is to that CBS has to assure that the students has sufficient amount of ECTS when the semester starts.

Contract hand-in – only for the 2014 enrollment
The contract handed-in for pre-approval of the internship/fieldwork will have to be done at the latest the 1st of august.

Hand-in – Digital
The internship/field work report has to be handed-in digitally. this is done by sending it to: soc-internship@cbs.dk

Not passing the internship
In the event of getting a failing-grade then the second hand-in date, in effect the re-examination will be de set: four weeks after the student has been notified with the first grade given. Further elaboration on the first grade given, might be send out with the info of the new hand-in date, if given so given by the examiner. However, if not then the student should contact the relevant examiner (internship-coordinator) to get the
necessary feedback.

If the student fails to meet the deadline for the first hand-in, same rules apply as the ones mentioned above.

Workshop for internship/fieldwork
Students at the MSc in Social Sciences programme have the possibility to participate in a two- hour workshop. The purpose of a workshop is to inspire the students to reflect upon how they want to make their observations and how to collect the necessary empirical data. In this way the workshop will help the students to reflect upon the practical, methodical, theoretical and ethical challenges that an internship/fieldwork represents. The workshop will give the students different tools for doing this while they are engaged in their internship/fieldwork.

The workshop will contain the following elements
- Preparatory reflection with inspiration from anthropological literature of method of participatory observation.
- The students get invited to develop a plan for the period of their internship/fieldwork.
- The students are offered different tools in order to obtain the ability to “withdraw” from the work place or field in order to re-establish the necessary analytical distance to it.
- The students are encouraged to deliver a synopsis (3-5 pages), where they reflect upon their internship/fieldwork methodological and theoretical challenges.

The internship report
An internship report (whether internship or fieldwork) must contain:
- a short outline of the workplace/focus organisation(s).
- a short outline of the tasks/observation activities that the student has been engaged in.
- a reflection on the entire internship/fieldwork or parts of it and its tasks/activities in
relation to the prepared literature, cf. learning objectives.

There are no specific requirements concerning structure of the paper, but generally it may be favourable to build the structure upon the three above-mentioned points. Besides text, the internship report must contain references and the approved list of literature.

Maximum number of pages is 15 or 25 CBS standard pages respectively (depending on choosing a curriculum of 500 (7,5 ECTS) or 900 pages (15 ECTS)). Appendices are not required, but in some cases it may be favourable to enclose an appendix, for instance including important documentation of what the student has produced during the period of the internship.

The front page must contain date, author's name, CPR. No. and information about the amount of ECTS that the internship report corresponds to (7,5 or 15 ECTS).

Outline of workplace/fieldwork
Must contain a description of the organisation(s) and the main tasks/fieldwork activities that the student has been involved in. Furthermore, it may contain information about financing, human resources, annual budget and main internal and external relations. In most cases, this should not take up more than 2-3 pages.

Outline of tasks/activities
Should give the reader a comprehension of the challenges and tasks/activities that the student has been faced with during the internship/fieldwork, including the distribution of time between the different tasks. This section should not take up more than 1-3 pages.

Theoretical, organizational and managerial reflection
The student must demonstrate his/her professional competence from the MSc in Social Sciences programme and reflect on one or more aspects of the internship/fieldwork. There are no specific requirements concerning what aspects of the internship/fieldwork the students must write about. However, the student must demonstrate analytical skills, the ability to think reflectively and the capability to incorporate the scientific literature actively in the paper. The aim is to combine experience from practical work/observation with the academic form of reflection and to create coherence between practical work experience/observatory practice and the analytical knowledge that the programme provides.

To illustrate the numerous possibilities that this third part of the paper offers, examples of subjects are given below (please note that this is for illustration purposes alone – and that it only applies for internship reports (not fieldwork internship reports)).

Description of specific tasks
An internship report typically consists of an analysis and discussion of specific tasks where the selected curriculum is applied and if necessary supplemented by other literature from the programme. There are many ways in which such a paper can be composed. However, the reader must always be able to sense the type of task and effort that the student has performed.

Discussion of conflict, problems or challenges
If students have experienced a particular conflict or have been presented to a problem or challenge which they find interesting, the internship report may be used for reflection on those events and by employing the literature, the student might come to an understanding of the events.

Students who have experienced tasks which may have seemed impossible to undertake/solve may for instance make use of organisational theory in order to describe and understand decision-making processes.

Students who have experiences frustration in relation to conflicts and felt that the job was difficult to perform may for example employ literature on conflict in organisations in order to understand how the conflict arose and how such conflict can be solved in the future. Valuation of the organisation’s solution models and methods of working in an organisational and/or managerial perspective.

Students may experience that the organisation has a quite different set of values and motivating factors than they have themselves. In such cases, it may be a good opportunity to explicate your profession ethics or more closely analyse the exact areas that you did not agree with.

Students who have taken part in specific programmes or projects may perform an organisational/managerial analysis of those. Students who have been engaged in specific organisational solution models may analyse and evaluate this solution model as a form of management and discuss its normative hypothesis and implications.
Before choosing this form of internship report, the students have to consider whether the host organisation should read the paper, and be aware that the paper should not prevent other students to get an internship in that particular organisation in the future.

Bibliography
The internship report must contain a bibliography consisting of scientific literature which must be employed in the paper. References from other programme courses can be included in the bibliography, but these references will not be included in the required curriculum. The curriculum must be identifiable or enclosed as a separate list of references.

Curriculum
Internships/fieldwork can either constitute 7,5 or 15 ECTS with a required curriculum of 500 or 900 pages respectively.

Assessment
Assessment of the internship report will be given according to the 7-point grading scale with (internal) second examiner. The internship report must be submitted no later than 4 weeks after the internship has been terminated. Under special circumstances, the Study Board may grant dispensation from the submission deadline above.

Obtaining the grade 12
in order for the student to obtain the grade 12, the internship report must demonstrate:
- that the student is able to demonstrate analytical skills and reflective thinking,
- that the student is able to actively employ the chosen academic literature as well as
literature from the programme in the analysis of specific research areas,
- that the student is able to link together practical experience/fieldwork observation and
academic reflection,
- that the student is able to create coherence between practical experience/fieldwork observation and the analytical knowledge provided by the programme and present it in a coherent analysis.

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